REDUCING THE SPREAD OF MALARIA IN AFRICA
As the day break, the number of death caused by malaria keeps increasing. And what is dis heartening about this.
Is most of the death caused malaria happen in Africa in countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Congo and so many of them .
In the year 2020 malaria lead to the death of over 627,000 people on earth.
And what is more buzzing, is according World Health Organizations (WHO), 95% of such cases happened in Africa.
And estimation has it, that as the year goes by the number keeps increasing.
This is where we get to ask our self, what are we not doing right. What are those measures we can put in place to reducing the number of malaria cases in Africa.
This is what this article would be centered on, but before we go into details on “How To Prevent Spread Of Malaria in Africa“.
Let’s take a good look at;
- What Is Malaria
- Causes Of Malaria
- Symptoms Of Malaria
- Possible Treatment Of Malaria & lastly
- How One Can Prevent The Spread Of Malaria
WHAT IS MALARIA
Malaria is a disease or illness which is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium. One get this Plasmodium parasite when an infected female mosquitoes bites the individual.
According to research, there are 5 well known parasite that cause malaria in a human body.
But 2 from this 5 are mostly feared and this is because they cause most threat in the human body.
And if not treated as soon as possible, can cause more complications in the human body.
The two parasite include;
- P. falciparum
- P. vivax
Though the two a very dangerous to human body but P. falciparum has been known to be the deadliest.
And is commonly seen in Africa.
While the other parasite P. vivax is not really deadly but is commonly seen in Europe and other countries outside Africa.
Even though malaria can be treated, but if not treated on time it could result to.
Anemia, Mental Complications, Kidney Failure, Coma, Jaundice and worst of all Death.
This is why it advisable for one to regularly treat them self of malaria disease.
Because it can be in your system without the individual not knowing
CAUSES OF MALARIA
Malaria disease is caused of one of the most hated insect on earth, which is mosquitoes.
A lot of people in Africa have this belief that mosquito bite is already common to their system, and can’t cause much harm to their body system.
And every year,
this bites which they see as common and can’t do anything to their body system.
Has led to the death of their friends and family members without them even knowing the cause of death.
This is why it is advisable to start lecturing people in Africa about the harmful things Mosquitos can do to their body system.
So they would stop seeing it as a common insect bite.
And always visit a physician when ever they get bite by the insect.
SYMPTOMS OF MALARIA
There are lots of symptoms someone who has malaria portrays,
But we are going to be taking a look at the common symptoms.
- Shaking of the body
- Body being weak and always tired
- Pain in the chest
When a person contacts malaria he or she would notice increase of his or her body temperature, and this would lead to the individuals body being very hot.
2. SHAKING OF THE BODY:
When one has malaria, the individual would notice that his or her body will always be shaking at every little interval.
In some cases the person might find it relatable hard to stand on his own.
One extra that is noticeable about someone who has Malaria, is the very painful headache that the individual would be having.
Most people will see it as just common, and rely on taking pain relief drugs not knowing what they need is malaria treatment.
And this is why, it is not advisable to self medicate your self. Ones you notice any symptoms start developing in your body.
Do your self the go to visit a physician who would administrate the proper drugs for you.
4. WEAKNESS OF THE BODY:
Another symptoms is weakness of the body, an individual would notice that he or she is always weak with even doing much work.
The individual wont have the strength to go about his or her normal daily activities.
Which use to be a normal routine for the individual.
5. PAIN IN THE CHEST:
When an individual start to develop chest pain, which, are one of the rare symptoms of malaria.
Vomiting of undigested or food substances in the body is also a symptom of that malaria is in the body system of an individual.
TREATMENT OF MALARIA
It is easier to treat malaria, when it is fresh in the body of an individual.
That’s why its good, for the individual to visit a physician when he or she starts developing symptoms of malaria.
By then the individual will be in need of more money to treat and kill of the malaria in their body.
The treatment of malaria is the work of a physician, who is behind administration of the malaria drugs.
Even though some malaria are usually resistance to the drugs.
The physician will then have to administrate two or more drugs to the individual, so as to help kill the malaria faster
Some of the drugs used in curing malaria include;
- Artemisinin drugs (artemether and artesunate).
- Atovaquone (Mepron).
- Chloroquine. There are parasites that are resistant to this medication.
- Doxycycline (Doxy-100, Monodox, Oracle).
Some of this drugs have reaction on individual bodies, be sure to communicate to your physician, if your body reacts harshly to any of them
HOW TO PREVENT MALARIA
I know a lot of questions is roving in your mind, and the first one should be.
How preventable is malaria
And the answer is 100% Yes.
Malaria can be treated, if you do this simple things
- Taking malaria drugs ahead of time, before traveling to areas known for having mosquitoes
- Covering your bed with nets, not just any how net but medicated ones
- Keeping your environment clean from dirt
- Covering your windows or doors with net or screen
- Going to bed with cloths that covers your body from mosquitoes
- Visiting a physician when you notice symptoms of malaria in your body system.
With all this done, you have successfully prevented your self from malaria.
Now down to what our article is all about, which is;
HOW TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF MALARIA IN AFRICA
- Creating Awareness About Malaria
- Government Should Allocate More Money To The Health Sector
- Free Treatment For Malaria
- Free Mosquito Net For Homes In Africa
- Training Of African Health Workers
1. CREATING AWARENESS ABOUT MALARIA:
Like i stated in the beginning of this article, most citizens of african countries eg
Nigeria, Ghana, Congo don’t know the dangerous threat mosquitoes have of the body system.
Most individuals know what is malaria, but they do not know the caus of the disease malaria.
But with the help of World Health Organizations & Government this can be reduced
As they can start creating more awareness about malaria, where they go and give people lecture and information about
Malaria, it cause and possible treatment of the disease
2. GOVERNMENT ALLOCATING MORE MONEY TO THE HEALTH SECTOR:
Because of the corruption in most Africa country, some government has Neglected the health sector in their country.
While they allocate money for building roads and infrastructure they should also allocate such money to the health sector.
Because with this, they can provide more malaria drugs and employ workers who are going to help with the treatment of the disease in their various country.
3. FREE TREATMENT FOR MALARIA:
When you talk with a lot of people in Africa on why they do not go to hospital to treat themselves off malaria.
Most of them hold on to the fact, they don’t have enough money to eat talk more of going to a hospital.
It would be good if the Government in African, provide their citizen with free treatment for malaria.
4. FREE MOSQUITO NET FOR HOMES IN AFRICA:
There was a time some countries in Africa did this, but along the line they Stopped, and i don’t really know why.
If every house hold in Africa has the opportunity to get them selves at least one free mosquito net.
This would definitely reduce the number of people who will get infected by malaria in that house hold.
5. TRAINING OF AFRICA HEALTH WORKERS:
I think Africa government should take their workers for training and seminars, where they learn new ways by which malaria are being treated.
Example the USA have not up 2000 death caused by malaria, and the number keeps reducing, every single year.
And this is because their government have spent a lot of money training their health workers and making sure, they have the knowledge needed for the treatment of malaria
Which i believe we in Africa can do the same thing, snd of cause have the same result.